Reduplication in Kodi: A paradigm function account
Yustinus Ghanggo Ate
November 2023

This paper investigates reduplication in Kodi, an under-documented and understudied language spoken in Sumba Island, Nusa Tenggara Timur Province, eastern Indonesia. It is argued that (i) stress determines the reduplication process in Kodi in that the syllable or foot which is reduplicated is predictable from the stress patterns, (ii) semantic context triggers reduplication processes, and (iii) the framework of the theory of (Generalized) Paradigm Function Morphology ((G)PFM) (Stump, 2001, 2015; Steward & Stump, 2007; Spencer & Stump, 2013; Spencer, 2013; Nikolaeva & Spencer, 2019) can satisfactorily capture how stress determines the reduplication of the base and how semantic context triggers the reduplication process. This study provides additional evidence in support of the (G)PFM theory, which can arguably be extended to handle complex reduplicative patterns beyond Kodi.
Format: [ pdf ]
Reference: lingbuzz/005703
(please use that when you cite this article)
Published in: Word Structure 3(14), 312-353
keywords: kodi language, reduplication, stress, semantic triggering, form-meaning pairing, (generalized) paradigm function morphology, semantics, morphology, phonology
previous versions: v1 [January 2021]
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