Sluicing Cannot Apply In-Situ in Japanese
Ken Hiraiwa
March 2021
 

Ross (1969) proposed that sluicing in English is derived by wh- movement and deletion. The wh-movement analysis, however, is not straight- forward in wh-in-situ languages like Japanese. A number of studies argued that sluicing in Japanese is based on wh-cleft structure with much empirical evidence. More recently, however, Kimura (2010) and Abe (2015) have proposed an in-situ analysis of sluicing in Japanese, which deletes everything but a wh-phrase (and the Q-complementizer) in situ, without movement. In this paper, building on immobile elements, I will provide decisive evidence against the in-situ deletion analysis of sluicing and for the wh-cleft analysis of sluicing.
Format: [ pdf ]
Reference: lingbuzz/005769
(please use that when you cite this article)
Published in: To appear in the Proceedings of LSA 2021
keywords: sluicing; deletion; ellipsis; wh-movement; wh-cleft; in-situ; existential indeterminates; japanese; syntax
previous versions: v1 [February 2021]
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