Two Conceptions of VoiceP
Chris Collins
December 2018

In this note, I compare two distinct conceptions of VoiceP. On one conception, the external argument is projected (externally merged) into Spec VoiceP (Kratzer 1996). On the other conception, VoiceP plays no role in the projection of arguments, but determines how the arguments are realized in various A-positions. I dub these two theories the Projection Theory and the Realization Theory respectively. I present several reasons for preferring the Realization Theory.
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keywords: voicep, passive, external argument, by-phrase, implicit arguments, syntax
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