Rescaffolding the Bundle in Afroasiatic inflection: Tamazight and Hebrew
Ur Shlonsky
January 2023
 

Person, number and gender features in the Afroasiatic verbal system are sometimes prefixes, sometimes suffixes and sometimes both. This paper attempts to derive the Tamazight and Hebrew systems using syntactic tools and eschewing postsyntactic or morphological linearization rules. My point of departure is that syntactic heads contain a single feature and that features can be assembled into bundles and placed to the left or to the right of a stem by syntactic movement alone. In the simplest case, a feature is prefixal when it is merged above the verbal stem and the verbal stem remains below it and is c-commanded by it and it is a suffix when the verbal stem moves above it. The often-complex combination of prefixes and suffixes in the languages studied arises from the combination of multiple steps of movement which can target the stem alone or a category it pied pipes or is pied piped by. Allomorphy is expressed in terms of selectional restrictions and an alternative to impoverishment is proposed to handle neutralization.
Format: [ pdf ]
Reference: lingbuzz/007068
(please use that when you cite this article)
Published in: To appear in Brill's Journal of Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics
keywords: hebrew, tamazight, inflection, morphology-as-syntax, morphology, syntax
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