Reconstructing Stress in Wôpanâak
Norvin Richards
May 2023

Wôpanâak (also called Wampanoag, Massachusett, Natick), the original language of much of eastern Massachusetts, is known to us from a variety of 17th and 18th-century documents, which mostly do not indicate the position of word-level stress. We do have one poem in Wôpanâak, a translation of the book of Psalms into verse. In this paper I present a description of the rules for stress in Wôpanâak, based largely on an analysis of the metrical version of Psalms.
Format: [ pdf ]
Reference: lingbuzz/007305
(please use that when you cite this article)
Published in: revised version to appear, IJAL
keywords: wôpanâak; wampanoag; algonquian; poetic meter; stress; historical linguistics; language reclamation; language revival, phonology
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